. PSHEeducation | Self-harm among boys is increasing - teachers and parents need

The news last week regarding boys self- harming increase is I hope something that we can all use as a reminder to incorporate into our daily lives - boys need to be able to talk to friends, famiies and teachers about their worries and problems and we can support them by creating an environment where getting open, honest and vulnerable is the norm' no matter what age or gender one may be.Self-harm hospital admissions among children 'at five-year high'

12.12.14 BBC Radio 4:

The number of children being admitted to hospital in England for self-harm is at a five-year high, figures show.

Admissions of girls aged 10-14 increased by almost 93% - from 3,090 in 2009/10 to 5,953 in 2013/14 - with a rise of 45% in boys, from 454 to 659.

Campaigners say the figures could be the tip of the iceberg and "huge numbers" of children - especially boys - were still "suffering in silence".

The government says £30m will be put into mental health care in A&E units.

Experts told the BBC that increases in admissions were partly due to a rise in young people self-harming, but also reflected better recording of data by hospitals.

They said a cultural shift was needed in society to ensure teachers and parents were not afraid to address the topic of self-harm among boys.
'Unable to come forward'

They also said the figures represented the tip of the iceberg because boys often did not like to admit to self-harming because it was mostly perceived as a female behavioural problem.

Boys were also more likely than girls to punch or hit themselves, which some hospitals may not categorise as self-harm, campaigners added.

The Health and Social Care Information Centre statistics showed 659 boys aged 10 to 14 were admitted to hospital in 2013/14, compared with 577 in 2012/13 and 454 in 2009/10.

Matthew Everett, 24, began self-harming when he was 11. He said that earlier this year he was cutting himself "every night".

"Before I would go to bed I would cut myself and then I would go to sleep. Then, the next day, I would do the same just to get that same release to feel I was in control still," he said.

Although figures for 10- to 14-year-old girls were much higher, Rachel Welch - project director of the website selfharm.co.uk - said society must not assume boys did not self-harm.
She said: "Because of the way society has constructed the image of self-harm, it makes it much easier for girls to come forward and ask for help.

"We've actually got a huge number of boys who are suffering in silence, unable to come forward and ask for help because they're struggling with something perceived to be something that only affects girls."

Ms Welch said self-harming had been a problem for a while in children, but that it was previously recognised as "bad or aggressive behaviour".

She also believed children were likely to be influenced by what they saw on the internet and in the family home.

"There is some research that suggests children are more likely to engage in self-harm if they have witnessed it elsewhere," she said.

"For example in older siblings, parents, friends or online - particularly if they perceive it to have had a positive outcome like getting more attention or care."