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PSHEeducation

24/07/18
What was last weeks' announcement about?
- New draft guidance is now available for schools - it covers Relationships Education, RSE and a new subject - Health Education.
- The guidance is relevant to all schools in England
- A public consultation on the draft is open until 7th November 2018 - you can take part and see the documents here:
https://consult.education.gov.uk/pshe/relationships-education-rse-health-education/?utm_source=NCB+free+newsletters+-+Master+list&utm_campaign=4635016812-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_07_23_12_37_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_65c90e506d-4635016812-321218081&mc_cid=4635016812&mc_eid=59b7ba2483

- This is not the final RSE guidance, but it gives a clear indication of the direction of travel.

When does statutory RSE take effect?
The announcement explained that schools that are ready to deliver high quality RSE from September 2019 should do so, those needing more time to prepare can focus on September 2020 which will be the start of mandatory provision for all schools. The coming academic year is therefore a key period for preparation.

Is there a new programme of study?
Tables in the draft guidance list what children should know by the time they leave primary school and by the time they leave secondary school. There is not a year-by-year programme of study, but the guidance also says that learning needs to start at the beginning of primary.

What is included in Relationships Education at primary level?
Relationships Education will be mandatory for both primary and secondary schools. The primary Relationships Education curriculum covers 'families and people who care for me', friendships - including bullying, online relationships and staying safe.

What is included in primary sex education?
Primary schools are recommended to have a programme of sex education which includes preparing pupils for the changes adolescence brings and learning how a baby is conceived and born.

What about puberty?
Puberty is included under Health Education at both primary and secondary level.

What is included under Relationships for secondary level?
The themes introduced at primary are developed through secondary RSE, with more in-depth learning about areas such as stereotypes, the law and equality.

What about sexual and reproductive health?
There is a substantial list of knowledge that should be taught to support good sexual health: the facts about the full range of contraceptive choices; the facts around pregnancy including miscarriage and; that there are choices in relation to pregnancy; information on STI transmission, prevention, treatment, prevalence and also how to get help from services. This is supported by sections on consent, with emphasis on being able to actively communicate and recognise consent from others.

Is the guidance LGBT inclusive?
LGBT issues are described as something that should be integral, not taught as a one off lesson.

Are there changes to parental right of withdrawal?
Yes. The proposal is that parents will only be able to excuse their child from the sex education part of the curriculum (but not from national curriculum Science), and not from Relationships Education at either level.
[Sex Education Forum]
19/07/18
All schools will teach children about good physical and mental health, how to stay safe on and offline, and the importance of healthy relationships under bold new plans published today by Education Secretary Damian Hinds.
Under the proposals, all pupils will study compulsory health education as well as new reformed Relationships Education in primary school and Relationships and Sex Education in secondary school.
The guidance – which was last updated in 2000 – will become compulsory in all schools across the country from September 2020, and will put in place the building blocks needed for positive and safe relationships of all kinds.
Schools will be supported as they prepare to teach the new subjects and will be able to begin doing so as soon as the materials are ready and available from September 2019, building on the existing best practice that will be shared by high performing schools.
By making health education compulsory we will ensure pupils are taught about the benefits of a healthier lifestyle, what determines their physical health and how to build mental resilience and wellbeing. It will also make sure children and young people learn how to recognise when they and others are struggling with mental health and how to respond.
The proposals, which follow the publication of the Childhood Obesity Plan and the Children and Young People’s Mental Health Green Paper, will ensure that the importance of good physical and mental health are an integral part of the updated subjects. [Dept for Education. 19.7.18]
https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-relationships-and-health-education-in-schools
18/07/18

The requirement for all schools, including academies, to teach relationships education, and for all secondary schools to teach sex education, was supposed to come into force in September 2019.
Last month, education secretary Damian Hinds warned the parliamentary education committee that RSE would “probably” not become mandatory until 2020, though the new RSE curriculum would be “available” to schools from September 2019.
Now Department for Education sources familiar with the reform process have confirmed the roll-out has indeed been delayed for a year, following complaints from schools about the lack of preparation time for the reforms.
In May, Schools Week reported how compulsory SRE would “almost certainly” be delayed until 2020, after the government failed to meet a key milestone.
The DfE had promised to publish guidance in “early 2018” to aid preparations, but the response to a call for evidence on the guidance, which closed in February, has still not been published. A consultation on the draft guidance is due out this week, just days before most schools break up for the summer.
Under the workload protocol, schools must be given at least one year of lead-in time for any major curriculum change. Heads warned in May that if the final guidance was not published before the end of July, the government would have been in breach of the rule.
Schools Week understands it is this concern around the workload protocol that has prompted ministers to push the full rollout back a year.
Yesterday, The Sunday Times reported that new relationships education for primary school pupils will include lessons on consent for pupils as young as four.
“It’s vital that every child knows about their rights and that nothing should happen to them without their consent,” Hinds told the paper. “This guidance will ensure lessons teach children how to recognise when someone else has not given consent.”
The education secretary also told The Telegraph that RSE lessons will include information about the perils of social media use.
The Department for Education would not comment on the delay, but instead pointed to comments made by Hinds in a parliamentary written answer earlier this month.
“Whilst many schools will be able to adapt their existing teaching quickly, it is essential that an appropriate period is given for those schools that need more time to plan and prepare. The department will be working with schools to help them to prepare before teaching starts. This is in line with the department’s approach to any significant changes to the curriculum.
“The department will launch a consultation on the draft regulations and statutory guidance shortly and will say more about the implementation timetable at that point.”
[F.Whittaker. Schools Week. 16.7.18]
28/02/18
Firstly, the name has changed - SRE - Sex and Relationships Education - will become RSE - Relationships and Sex Education or Relationships Education in Primary Schools emphasising the focus on healthy relationships.

The Children and Social Work Act 2017 introduced a new legislation on relationships and sex education in schools.
Chapter 4, Section 34 introduces statutory ‘relationships and sex education’ across all secondary schools, including academies and independent schools; and statutory ‘relationships education’ across all primary schools.
Chapter 4, Section 35 gives the government the right to introduce statutory PSHE at a later date without passing new legislation.

What's happening now?
1.The previous Education Secretary, Justine Greening, announced on 19 December 2017, an eight week 'call for evidence' inviting views of teachers, parents and young people to help shape the first updating of relationships and sex education guidance since 2000. Damian Hinds has now taken over as the new Education Secretary and he will go ahead with plans.
2.The Department for Education will consult widely with the education and young people’s sectors in order to determine the content of the regulations and statutory guidance; and on whether to introduce PSHE as the framework within which RSE is delivered.
The Secretary of State will bring the regulations and guidance back to the House of Commons for its approval.

The Timetable
The Department for Education will draft regulations and guidance and will put them out for consultation.
2. Regulations and final draft guidance will be presented in Parliament, and final statutory guidance will be published - probably by September 2018.
3. Schools will be expected to deliver ‘RSE’ in secondary schools and ‘relationships education' in Primary schools, in the academic year 2019/2020.
4. “The Government will commit to review the statutory guidance on RSE within three years of its publication, and to a regular timetable after that, that will balance continuity for schools with ensuring content is up to date.”*

Inspections
•RSE falls within the scope of school inspection. Key elements are already covered in Ofsted’s school inspection handbook, and Her Majesty’s chief inspector will take full account of the new requirements in determining future school inspection arrangements'*
•Ofsted is already seeking to appoint an HMI lead for citizenship and PSHE, whose role will be to keep abreast of developments in this area and oversee the training of inspectors in light of the new expectations on schools*.
•Independent schools will be held to account through inspectors reporting against the independent school standards*.

Until then?
Currently, PSHE and SRE are not statutory subjects on the national curriculum. However, the national curriculum framework statutory guidance states that schools should make provision for PSHE and that secondary schools must teach SRE. Despite this, the only topic SRE must cover under legislation is HIV, AIDS and other STIs.

[Adapted from The Sex Education Forum/*Edward Timpson MP, Hansard, March 7th 2017]
05/06/17
The Secretary of State for Education confirms the Government’s ambition to support all young
people to stay safe and prepare for life in modern Britain by making Relationships Education
(Primary), Relationships and Sex Education (RSE-Secondary) and, subject to the outcome of a
thorough consideration of the subject, Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education (PSHE
- both) statutory in all schools.

RSE
Relationships and RSE will be age-appropriate, building knowledge and life skills over time in a way that prepares pupils for issues they will so on face.
They will likely focus on:
  • different types of relationships, including friendships, family relationships, dealing with
strangers and, at secondary school, intimate relationships;
  • how to recognise, understand and build healthy relationships, including self-respect and
respect for others, commitment, tolerance, boundaries and consent, and how to manage
conflict, and also how to recognise unhealthy relationships;
  • how relationships may affect health and wellbeing, including mental health;
  • healthy relationships and safety online; and
  • factual knowledge, at secondary school, around sex, sexual health and sexuality, set firmly within the context of relationships.

PSHE
The Goverment's review work will determine what statutory PSHE could look like in the cont
ext of statutory Relationships and RSE, and will also consider age-appropriate content and guidance.
We would expect this to cover broad pillars of:
  • healthy bodies and lifestyles, including keeping safe, puberty, drugs and alcohol education;
  • healthy minds, including emotional wellbeing, resilience, mental health;
  • economic wellbeing and financial capability;
  • careers education, preparation for the workplace and making a positive contribution to
society.

Timeline
The work to consider content will begin this spring and we expect that it will result in draft
regulations and guidance for consultation in the autumn of 2017. Following consultation,
regulations will be laid in the House, alongside final draft guidance, allowing for a full and considered debate.
The statutory guidance will be published in early 2018, once the regulations have been passed (and at least one full year before academic year 2019/20).

[Extracted from DfE Policy statement - please see below for the full policy]
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/595828/170301_Policy_statement_PSHEv2.pdf
09/05/17
On Thursday 27 April the ‘Children and Social Work Bill’ became the ‘Children and Social Work Act’. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2017/16/pdfs/ukpga_20170016_en.pdf

This new act includes legislation that makes ‘relationships education’ in all primary schools statutory and 'relationships and sex education' (RSE) statutory in all secondary schools. The Act also gives the Government power to make PSHE education statutory depending on the results of a consultation.

Last week the Health and Education Select Committees recommended statutory PSHE in their children and young people’s mental health inquiry.

There are clearly concerns that the Government might not honour this post election which is when a consultation on these proposals is due to begin but the need for compulsory PSHE has been ongoing for years and is gaining much support.
16/03/17
"I am today announcing my intention to put Relationships and Sex Education on a statutory footing, so every child has access to age appropriate provision, in a consistent way. I am also announcing my intention to take a power that will enable me to make PSHE statutory in future, following further departmental work and consultation on subject content." Justine Greening 1.3.2017
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-statement/Commons/2017-03-01/HCWS509/

What does this mean for schools?
"The Government has stated that they want any new obligations to come into force for schools in September 2019. This would include the RSE obligations outlined today along with implementing statutory PSHE education, should that be the decision the DfE arrives at after consultation.

As it stands the legislation would make ‘Relationships and Sex Education’ statutory in all secondary schools, including academies (this name change from ‘SRE’ has the benefit of foregrounding relationships in the subject and avoiding a purely biological approach).

Legislation would also make ‘Relationships Education’ statutory in primary schools and academies. Whilst it is concerning that ‘Relationships Education’ could lead to some confusion for schools we will be making clear the case that this should be delivered as part of a broad and balanced PSHE education programme. Whilst the name change is a cause for concern, we must all help ensure that for children in primary schools and academies ‘Relationships Education’ encompasses a truly comprehensive programme that includes teaching children about their bodies, about safe and unsafe touch, about the physical and emotional changes of puberty.

The likely next steps are for the DfE to consult on updating the statutory guidance on RSE and to consult on PSHE education more widely. We believe this provides a genuine opportunity to put forward, once and for all, the compelling case for the whole of PSHE education with the real possibility of change. If the Government is convinced of the case for the whole of PSHE education in this consultation, then it is a short step to making it statutory in all schools."
[PSHE Association. March. 2017]
09/02/17
Compulsory sex and relationship education looks set to be taught in all secondary schools after Tory MPs - including five former ministers - backed a change to the law, The Daily Telegraph can disclose.
The ministers are among a group of 23 Conservative MPs who are backing a law change to force secondary schools to make Relationship Education compulsory in the National Curriculum.
The change would see teenagers being what consent means in sexual relationships and how to protect themselves from sexting and online exploitation in compulsory classes.
Currently only council-controlled secondary schools are required to teach children about sex in biology classes. There is no such requirement on academies or free schools which make up the majority of secondary schools in England.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/02/09/sex-relationship-classes-set-taught-secondary-schools-23-tory/?WT.mc_id=tmg_share_tw
23/01/17
This Bill started its second reading debate on Friday 20 January 2017 but has now been adjourned with debate to resume on Friday 24 March 2017.
This Bill was presented to Parliament on Monday 4 July 2016. This is known as the first reading and there was no debate on the Bill at this stage.

http://services.parliament.uk/bills/2016-17/personalsocialhealthandeconomiceducationstatutoryrequirement.html